Communities And CSR

    Ecopetrol and Gran Tierra are committed to Colombia’s territories

    Communities and CSRThe firms spoke about their projects in Huila, Antioquia and Meta. These and other Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) stories in our periodic summary. » Read More

    Indigenous councils would be a new environmental authority

    Regulation and PolicyA decree currently analyzed by the Colombian President’s office would empower  indigenous communities to approve or deny permits to develop industry projects in their territories. » Read More

    ACP on producing regions’ development

    Communities and CSR

    The oil sector in Colombia faces a lot of uncertainty because of social unrest. Those against the industry argue that it does not contribute to rural development, but a study by the Colombian Petroleum Association (ACP) shows the opposite. » Read More

    USO talks about the strike in Arauca

    Communities and CSRThe union spoke about the strike that workers are currently developing at Occidental de Colombia’s (OXY) wells in Arauca, and called for the company to respect the Collective Labor Convention (CCT).  » Read More

    The industry is committed to Colombia’s rural development

    Communities and CSRGeoPark (NYSE: GPRK), Ecopetrol (NYSE:EC) and Equion gave a positive report on their social investment projects in Casanare and Meta. These and other Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) stories in our periodic summary. » Read More

    USO talks about Fepco Zona Franca and Hv Services

    Communities and CSRThe union gave an update on the negotiations it recently started with the companies. » Read More

    Government encourages companies to participate in post-conflict

    Communities and CSRThe post-conflict process is starting in Colombia and this represents many challenges to overcome. The country needs everyone's participation in this important stage. Rafael Pardo, counselor for the post-conflict, spoke on this topic. » Read More

    Hocol talks about issues in Tolima

    Communities and CSRThe company spoke about the blockades that took place in El Tambo village (Tolima), after locals argued an alleged breach of agreements by the company. These and other Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) stories in our periodic summary. » Read More

    New call for corruption alert in Casanare

    Communities and CSRLocal journalists insist on the fact that resources from the General System of Royalties (SGR) that are given to Casanare’s government need to be monitored, arguing that there are clear signs of corruption. These and other stories in our periodic Royalties summary. » Read More

    USO will negotiate with Fepco and HV Services

    Communities and CSRThe union spoke about the successful start of the negotiations with Fepco and HV Services, and said that as a result of the companies’ willingness to come to an agreement, negotiations between the three parties will take place at the same time. » Read More

    Company News

    Canacol 3Q17 results

    Company NewsCanacol Energy Ltd. (TSX: CNE) announced its financial and operating results for the third quarter of 2017. Average production decreased in 3Q17 because of plant maintenance; accumulated extraction increased for this year.  » Read More

    SIC formulates charges against supplier-payment processes

    Company NewsAfter two years of investigations and complaints from different supplier companies, the Superintendence of Industry and Commerce (SIC) formulated charges against Postobon, Cerrejón, Procter & Gamble (P&G) and Equión Energy, for allegedly restricting the free circulation of invoices. » Read More

    ECP 3Q17 results

    Eye on EcopetrolEcopetrol (NYSE: EC) announced its third quarter and year-to-date (YDT) 2017 results. The firm highlighted that YTD net income continues to increase. The NOC’s reported margins are at their highest in the past two years. » Read More

    TGI to bid for regasification plant

    Company NewsThe construction of new regasification plants has been a subject of much interest and controversy in the country. Companies have shown their interest in these projects. Jaime Orjuela, President in charge of TGI, spoke on this subject and the company's plans. » Read More

    Bayón talks about Ecopetrol’s challenges

    Company NewsCEO Felipe Bayón explained that the NOC's biggest challenge is to produce 600mmbbl in 2020, for which it will focus on exploration, Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) and unconventional resources (UC).  » Read More

    ECP - Petronas alliance

    Company NewsEcopetrol (NYSE: EC) is looking to expand its international presence in the region, and the company announced a new alliance for exploration and production in the Americas. » Read More

    ECP gets into the electricity business

    Company NewsEcopetrol (NYSE: EC) has focused on hydrocarbons exploration and production since it began operations, but decided to enter in a new line of business in Colombia. » Read More

    Joint venture between Geopark and Cepsa

    Company NewsGeopark (NYSE: GPRK) and Cepsa Colombia announced an agreement to work in a new high-potential exploration acreage in the country. This is the first alliance between the two companies.  » Read More

    Cenit and Ocensa enable new oil route

    Company NewsEcopetrol (NYSE: EC) enabled the connection of the Bicentenario, Araguaney and Central pipelines as a new route to extract oil from the Coveñas Caño Limon field (CCL) to Coveñas port. » Read More

    Frontera plans 2018

    Company NewsFrontera Energy (TSE: FEC) announced its plans for 2018 in Colombia. The company aims to strengthen its presence in the country. » Read More

    Concessions

    TGI to bid for regasification plant

    Company NewsThe construction of new regasification plants has been a subject of much interest and controversy in the country. Companies have shown their interest in these projects. Jaime Orjuela, President in charge of TGI, spoke on this subject and the company's plans. » Read More

    New schedule for SSJ tender

    Regulation and PolicyThe 14-week schedule that was initially established by the National Hydrocarbons Agency (ANH) for the Sinú- San Jacinto tenders was extended to 24 weeks. » Read More

    Concerns about SSJ round

    ConcessionsRepresentatives of oil companies and industry associations among others expressed concerns about the requirements to take part in the next auction organized by the National Hydrocarbons Agency (ANH). » Read More

    Mantilla McCormick talks about Agreement 2

    Regulation and PolicyAt an event hosted by consulting firm Willis Towers Watson, attorney Carlos Mantilla McCormick, expert on the Colombian energy sector, presented his vision on the Agreement 2. » Read More

    ANLA talks about the industry situation

    ExplorationClaudia González, director of the National Environmental Licensing Authority (ANLA) spoke about fracking and delays in decisions for the industry. » Read More

    ANH will tender 40 blocks this year

    ConcessionsBetween the end of July and the beginning of August of this year, the National Hydrocarbons Agency (ANH) will start offering new blocks, following the permanent allocation scheme that it announced recently. » Read More

    Canacol announces gas block farm-in

    Company NewsCanacol Energy Ltda (TSX: CNE) announced an agreement to a 50% farm-in with Pacific Exploration and Production (TSX: PEN) for a gas block near its other properties.  » Read More

    Amerisur increases its presence in Putumayo

    Company NewsAmerisur Resources Plc (LON: AMER) announced asset acquisitions in the Caguan-Putumayo Basin. The blocks were bought from Pacific Energy E&P (TSX: PEN).    » Read More

    ANH approves plan to reactivate the industry

    Regulation and PolicyThe National Government failed to receive about CoP$23.6T due to the oil price drop and the sector crisis affected everyone. In September 2015, the National Hydrocarbons Agency (ANH) announced improvements and incentives to boost the sector. Nearly a year-and-a-half later, finally, the new regulation has been approved.  » Read More

    Nothing happening

    ConcessionsThe graph shows the history of contracts signed by the National Hydrocarbons Agency (ANH). The post-2014 record is not inspiring. » Read More

    Downstream, Demand And Pricing

    Propane shortage

    Downstream Demand and PricingThe propane market is facing a situation of much uncertainty at present. Representatives of the sector have shown their concern about this. Authorities and companies in the sector must take measures to avoid major problems in the short and medium term. » Read More

    Fuel prices in November

    Downstream Demand and PricingThe Ministry of Mines and Energy (MinMinas) announced fuel prices for November. A citizen filed a lawsuit against the ministry to change the definition of the fuel surcharge in Colombia. » Read More

    Valueskies to build bio-refineries

    Downstream Demand and PricingValueskies announced its intention to build several bio-refineries in the country. Company representative Laura Ramírez spoke about the firm’s goals in Colombia. » Read More

    Biodiesel production is enough

    Downstream Demand and PricingBiodiesel producers and representatives of the sector have spoken about recent actions of the government, which would allow the free importation of this fuel, affecting the local industry.  » Read More

    Fuel prices in October

    Downstream Demand and PricingThe Ministry of Mines and Energy (MinMinas) announced fuel prices for October. Rutty Paola Ortiz, Vice Minister of Energy, spoke about prices prospects for this year. » Read More

    Biodiesel crisis?

    Downstream Demand and PricingThe United States made a decision recently about the biodiesel market, which could generate changes in the international trade of this fuel, affecting Colombia's interests in this issue. » Read More

    Cheapest service stations

    Downstream Demand and PricingThe continuous increase in fuels price generates discontent in the majority of the population in Colombia. The government gives no justification or few explanations for increased prices. National business newspaper La Republica conducted a survey of fuel prices in Bogotá service stations. » Read More

    Harvey increases fuel prices in Colombia

    Downstream Demand and PricingThe Ministry of Mines and Energy (MinMinas) announced a new increase in fuel prices. The entity said that Hurricane Harvey affected prices in Colombia. » Read More

    Transmetano opens its Malena compressor station in Puerto Berrío

    Downstream Demand and PricingThe project had an investment of CoP$43B and will guarantee natural gas supply for one million residential, commercial, vehicular and industrial users in Antioquia.  » Read More

    MinMinas increases fuel prices

    Downstream Demand and Pricing

    The Ministry of Mines and Energy (MinMinas) announced an increase in fuel prices. The Federation of Freight Transport Businessmen (Fedetranscarga) spoke about the high cost of fuels in Colombia.  » Read More

    Environment

    Hydrocarbons gets short end of ANLA stick

    ExplorationThroughout our brief history we have observed that the ANLA likes to change performance measures with some frequency. Its new one is at least clear but it does not look good for the oil and gas industry. » Read More

    "Oil spill in the Gulf of Morrosquillo was controlled": CVS

    EnvironmentAccording to the Regional Autonomous Corporation of the Sinú and San Jorge Valleys (CVS), the spill was caused by a leak of about 13 barrels at Ocensa’s station in Coveñas (Sucre). The development of these and more stories in our periodic Eco summary. » Read More

    ANLA talks about the industry

    Regulation and PolicyThe National Environmental Licensing Agency (ANLA) hosted its2H2016-1H2017 accountability session in Bogotá. » Read More

    CAS closes Terpel’s plant in Barrancabermeja

    EnvironmentThe Regional Environmental Corporation of the department of Santander (CAS) ordered the closure of a Terpel plant in Barrancabermeja, arguing environmental contamination in the Zarzal stream. The development of these and more stories in our periodic Eco summary.  » Read More

    "There are 2.140 hectares affected after the attack to CCL": Corponor

    EnvironmentThe Northeastern Regional Border Autonomous Corporation (Corponor) described the three attacks on the Coveñas Caño Limón pipeline as "truly alarming," and reported damage to the municipalities of Teorama, El Tarra and Tibú (Norte de Sandander). The development of these and more stories in our periodic Eco summary.  » Read More

    "We need to understand the complete ecological footprint of the oil sector": Brigitte Baptiste

    EnvironmentDuring her speech at the third annual Congress of the Colombian Petroleum Association (ACP), Brigitte Baptiste, director of the Humboldt Institute, said that companies have to work on their energy transition processes. The development of these and more stories in our periodic Eco summary. » Read More

    "Fracking is not environmentally approved yet": ANH

    ExplorationThe president of the National Hydrocarbons Agency (ANH), Orlando Velandia, said that if fracking is developed in Colombia, it will be done with companies that have the necessary experience and capital. » Read More

    Túa River is allegedly at risk by ECP's Santiago –Porvenir pipeline

    EnvironmentAlirio Vargas, environmental leader of the municipality of Monterrey (Casanare) publicly denounced the issue. » Read More

    Responsible oil from the Amazon

    ExplorationAccording to Jaime Concha, Vice President of Mining, Hydrocarbons and Energy at the National Association of Colombian Entrepreneurs (ANDI), companies are betting on an agreement that seeks to explore reserves in Putumayo (Amazonas). » Read More

    Organizations want suspension of fracking pilot

    ExplorationEcopetrol (NYSE: EC) proposed a test to counter the myths around unconventional techniques in Colombia. This generated a great debate between several entities and some organizations are against the proposal. » Read More

    Exploration

    "Fracking will not be implemented in Colombia any time soon": Osorio

    ExplorationNational Hydrocarbons Agency (ANH) Technical Vice President, Jairo Osorio, said that fracking has not been authorized or developed in Colombia and added that an initial exploration phase to determine whether there are unconventional reserves in the country has just begun.  » Read More

    New oil bonanza?

    ExplorationThe Colombian oil sector has faced some tough years, leading to few exploration projects and a reduction in production and reserves. However, the industry is showing a recovery in key metrics and this behavior is increasing expectations and perspectives.  » Read More

    Fracking and seismic

    ExplorationIndustry leaders and academics talked about fracking and seismic at the second “Colombia and the World of Fracking” workshop organized by the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE) in Bogotá. » Read More

    Hopes for offshore

    ExplorationDuring the coming weeks, the Government hopes to confirm the existence of new oil areasthat will put Colombia in a new stage in the offshore industry. » Read More

    Acipet talks about the industry

    ExplorationThe president of the Colombian Association of Petroleum Engineers (Acipet), Julio Cesar Vera, spoke about the situation of the industry, not only in Colombia but in the world. » Read More

    Uncertainty about low oil reserves

    ExplorationThe Colombian oil sector was able to overcome the oil crisis, but there is still uncertainty about low oil reserves. Germán Espinosa, President of the Colombian Chamber of Goods and Services (Campetrol) spoke about this topic. » Read More

    Pentanova taking flight

    ExplorationNew Canadian / Colombian / Argentine oil and gas company Pentanova (TSXV:PNO) is getting attention these days. For one thing, any new company coming to Colombia will get interest. For another, the players involved are veterans of the Colombian industry. » Read More

    MinMinas talks offshore

    ExplorationMinister of Mines and Energy (MinMinas) Germán Arce, said that offshore investments in the country exceed US$700M. » Read More

    Fracking in Colombia?

    ExplorationColombia needs to guarantee its self-sufficiency for the long term, and the country is analyzing different alternatives to achieve it. Fracking is one of the options, but the most controversial. The government might have made a decision on this issue. » Read More

    Companies bet on unconventional resources to save oil production

    ExplorationOne of the main concerns in relation to the industry is the fact that according to the National Hydrocarbons Agency (ANH), the country's reserves will only be enough for five or six years. » Read More

    Infrastructure

    Rig count recovery

    ExplorationThe Colombian Chamber of Goods and Services (Campetrol) reported its drill rig information for August. This metric keeps its positive performance, despite operating challenges in the country. » Read More

    Concerns about thermoelectric plants’ future

    InfrastructureThe Energy Regulatory Commission (CREG) proposed some adjustments in the energy sector, but this has generated much uncertainty among companies in Colombia. » Read More

    New route to transport gas

    InfrastructurePublic Companies of Medellin (EPM) and Canacol announced that through a second route,they will start a project to connect the Atlantic coast with the interior of the country and by this strengthen gas supply in Colombia. » Read More

    Cartagena: becoming an offshore operation center

    InfrastructureLocal authorities spoke about the city’s progress towards becoming an important offshore operation center in the Caribbean region. » Read More

    Coveñas / Caño Limón has been closed 56 days

    Security and Public OrderThe Coveñas / Caño Limón pipeline, one of the main assets of the country to transport crude, continues to report problems from attacks and this is generating huge losses. Ecopetrol (NYSE: EC) commented on the status of this important pipeline. » Read More

    Echeverry on Barrancabermeja refinery

    InfrastructureThere has been much discussion about the Barrancabermeja refinery’s future. Some have said that Ecopetrol (NYSE: EC) will close it, but the company has denied that. Juan Carlos Echeverry, CEO of ECP talked about the refinery situation and his perspectives in an interview with El Espectador. » Read More

    Problems with Madgalena river projects

    InfrastructureColombian authorities want to leverage the navigability of the Magdalena River. There are many projects working to achieve this, but investigations are emerging about possible irregularities. » Read More

    DNP to boost projects through royalties

    InfrastructureThe National Department of Planning (DNP) wants to boost projects through mining and oil royalties around Colombia. Luis Fernando Mejía, Director of DNP, talked about this strategy. » Read More

    ICP to Invest in Infrastructure

    InfrastructureThe Colombian Petroleum Institute (ICP) is the main research center of the industry in the country. ICP announced investments to support Ecopetrol's 2017-2020 business plan (NYSE: EC). » Read More

    Big investments in Magdalena River for crude transport

    InfrastructureThe sector is investing in oil transportation infrastructure in the country. The industry is betting on transporting at least some of the crude through the Magdalena River. » Read More

    Other Voices

    "Colombia does not have to import crude oil": Campetrol

    Other VoicesAlthough the industry’s situation in Colombia is still quite complex, the Executive President of the Colombian Chamber of Petroleum Goods and Services (Campetrol) Germán Espinosa, was optimistic about the future of the sector in the country. » Read More

    Oil industry future

    Other Voices

    The Colombian oil sector has been key for the country’s economy, but its future is uncertain, as popular referendums and social unrest are putting its development at risk. Sergio Cabrales Arévalo, Doctor and Researcher in Administration of the Andes University, made an analysis of the sector’s future.  » Read More

    "The peace agreements provide opportunities that the industry must seize": Halff

    Other VoicesAntoine Halff, researcher at the Center for Global Energy Policy at Columbia University and former lead analyst for the International Energy Agency (IEA), spoke about the situation of the industry in Colombia. » Read More

    Campetrol highlights offshore industry challenges

    Other VoicesThe Colombian Caribbean region has high expectations about the benefits of the offshore industry. German Espinosa, President of the Colombian Chamber of Goods and Services (Campetrol) talked about challenges to supply operations. » Read More

    Colombia is one of the countries with lowest investment in renewable energies

    Other VoicesSome other countries that allocate few resources to generate alternative energies are Venezuela and Argentina. » Read More

    Oil vs water

    EnvironmentWith the title “Fracking vs clean development mechanisms” a Llanos Internet news site tries to cover all the sides of the water issue but ends in a predictable conclusion. » Read More

    USO news summary for the week ending December 7, 2012

    Other VoicesThis week the USO reported on its national assembly and its plans to create an occupational health department. More important is a news item on hearings in Villavicencio on the social and environmental impacts of the mining and hydrocarbons sectors in the department of Meta. A left-wing senator, Alexander López Maya told the hearing that working conditions in Puerto Gaitan were typical of a concentration camp. That’s strange considering that Pacific Rubiales told a conference on sustainable communities and petroleum last Friday that it had no community or labor relations issues in Puerto Gaitan. Although the truth is no doubt somewhere between zero and the Gulag archipelago, we are inclined to think it very much closer to the company’s point of view than one reported by the USO.  » Read More

    USO news summary for week ending November 23, 2012

    Other Voices(The USO is the Colombian petroleum workers union. Unrepentantly radically left, it often seems trapped in some Marxist-Leninist twilight zone from before the fall of the Berlin Wall or perhaps before the Second World War. Still its capacity for mischief is unmistakable and so we believe it is important for oil and gas industry stakeholders to keep track of what they are up to. We will summarize major news items from their webpage or other sources and publish the summary every Monday. We will reproduce the tone of their items while not agreeing with their messages.)  » Read More

    What is the labor situation in Colombia?

    Communities and CSR
    October 10, 2012
    After a union leader told RCN Radio that recent riots in Puerto Gaitan that killed three people were because "Pacific Rubiales has not kept its commitments", the company was forced to issue a statement that this was not true. The company's explanation fits the facts better: that a policeman ran over and killed a small child, the community wanted to lynch him, his fellow policemen defended him and a riot broke out. » Read More

    GeoPark reports 1H12 results -- highlights Colombian operations

    Chile-based GeoPark reported its first half 2012 results in a press release, highlighting acquisitions in Colombia that increased production and successful exploration in Colombia as well.

    The company closed two acquisitions in Colombia in the first half and that contributed 88% of the 194% increase in revenues that the company recorded. The price was US$105M and revenue contribution for the first half was US$36M which should make the CFO and the shareholders happy.Company News » Read More

    Regulation And Policy

    Velandia says Colombia cannot afford to reject unconventional

    Regulation and PolicyOrlando Velandia, President of the National Hydrocarbons Agency (ANH) participated in the South America Energy Assembly in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He talked about the Colombian oil sector. » Read More

    Indigenous councils would be a new environmental authority

    Regulation and PolicyA decree currently analyzed by the Colombian President’s office would empower  indigenous communities to approve or deny permits to develop industry projects in their territories. » Read More

    Bittersweet feeling for SGR projects this month

    Regulation and PolicyEven though theCollegiate Body for Administration and Decision (OCAD) approved projects in Putumayo, Bolívar and Huila, the National Planning Department (DNP) warned about projects being at risk due to significant delays. These and other stories in our periodic Royalties summary. » Read More

    ACP on producing regions’ development

    Communities and CSR

    The oil sector in Colombia faces a lot of uncertainty because of social unrest. Those against the industry argue that it does not contribute to rural development, but a study by the Colombian Petroleum Association (ACP) shows the opposite. » Read More

    What the industry should expect from next year’s elections

    Regulation and PolicyThe Canadian Colombian Chamber of Commerce (CCCC) hosted the ‘Regulatory Perspectives for the Energy Mining Sector’ forum. HCC attended the event. » Read More

    Hydrocarbons gets short end of ANLA stick

    ExplorationThroughout our brief history we have observed that the ANLA likes to change performance measures with some frequency. Its new one is at least clear but it does not look good for the oil and gas industry. » Read More

    Fracking debate got intense

    Regulation and PolicyThe Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE) hosted the second “Colombia and the World of Fracking” workshop in Bogotá. Industry leaders and the National Environmental Licensing Agency (ANLA) representatives debated the pros and cons of developing fracking in the country. » Read More

    Competitiveness of Barrancabermeja Refinery

    Regulation and PolicyThe Barrancabermeja Refinery received a very important distinction from the specialized company Solomon Associates. The company conducted a benchmarking study among 85% of the world's refineries. » Read More

    Royalty taxation: the industry talks back

    Regulation and PolicyOil companies consider that deducting royalties’ payments from their taxes is not a ’loophole’, despite the ruling by the State Council and declarations by politicians. » Read More

    Fracking debate continues in Colombia

    Regulation and PolicyThe sector is concerned about its future and several representatives have shown their interest in implementing new techniques such as fracking in Colombia. This has generated a huge debate in the country, but the government does not take a clear position on the issue. » Read More

    Security And Public Order

    November starts with security issues

    Security and Public OrderEcopetrol (NYSE: EC) reported security incidents at its Coveñas Caño Limón pipeline (CCL) in Norte de Santander. Even though measures were taken, there is still a lot to do to control public order issues in the area. The development of these and other stories in our periodic Security summary. » Read More

    Presidential candidates talk about the industry and the peace process

    Security and Public OrderDuring the Colombian Association of Petroleum Engineers’ (Acipet) 17th Oil and Gas Congress, four of the presidential candidates for next year's elections spoke about their proposals for the development of the industry, parallel to the implementation of the peace accords.  » Read More

    Fuel smuggling increases in the country

    Security and Public OrderThink tank Crudo Transparente presented its ‘Regional Oil Pulse’ report for September 2017, where it highlighted fuel smuggling as the industry’s biggest problem.The development of these and other stories in our periodic Security summary. » Read More

    Authorities talk about contraband fuel

    Security and Public OrderThe police and Armed Forces gave a report on their activities to fight oil theft throughout the country. The development of these and other stories in our periodic Security summary. » Read More

    New attacks against Caño Limón

    Security and Public OrderThe Coveñas /Caño Limón (CCL) pipeline suffered new attacks on its infrastructure causing serious environmental damage. This happened a few days before the beginning of the bilateral ceasefire between the Government and the ELN. » Read More

    USO celebrates labor achievements

    Security and Public OrderThe union spoke of its achievements after it was able to get MASSER S.A.S (Terpel’s fuel distribution subsidiary) to convert 158 workers to permanent employment contracts. » Read More

    Oil and popular referendums forum

    Regulation and PolicyIndustry specialized newspaper Crudo Transparente, together with Jorge Tadeo Lozano University, hosted a forum to discuss oil and popular referendums. HCC was present at the event; we have a summary of the meeting. » Read More

    Community supporting the oil sector in Guamal

    Security and Public OrderProtests against oil sector are seemingly continuous around Colombia, but seldom is there news about people supporting oil activities. As strange as it might sound, this happened in Guamal (Meta). » Read More

    “Palma’s case was a victory”: USO

    Security and Public OrderThe union spoke about Ecopetrol’s (NYSE: EC) withdraw of the lawsuitagainst national USO vice president, Edwin Palma. » Read More

    Ecopetrol denounces attacks to its infrastructure

    Security and Public OrderAfter reporting acts of sabotage, Ecopetrol (NYSE:EC) announced that, to move the rigs to develop its Trogon-1 well in the Pio XII village, in Guamal (Meta), they had to be accompanied by the police.  » Read More